|the German Schwarzsender|
|As opposed to a very liberal (or at least moderate) radio legislation in the United States and Great Britain at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, Germany had rather strict regulations dealing with what is widely known as amateur radio. Whereas American amateur radio enthusiasts were only legally restricted throughout WWI (and subsequently introduced to the Army as information specialists) the German government decided that the telegraph wire was merely an extension of the letter (i.e. under the centralised leadership of the Deutsche Reichspost) and the wireless telegraph merely an extension of the telegraph wire (i.e. under the centralised power of the Reichspost) - and therefore only to be executed by the Deutsche Reichspost. Radio legistlation changed drastically over the last decades and in the spirit of the pioneers convex tv. developed the German Schwarzsender to practice learning by doing.
Based on a series of low-range radio transmitters built at documenta x and small radio receivers we establish a decentralised, self organising network where everybody involved can broadcast at any time and will reach any receiver within the range of the radio network. The concept of centralised media partly implies the stereotype of the immature citizens. Given the chance of direct participation any medium will become an essential tool of open and democratic information systems. The debate about decentralised networks has recently been recharged by the development of the internet. convex tv. would like to reintroduce the radio into the discussion.
Während der Jahrhundertwende regelten in England und Amerika vergleichsweise tolerante Gesetze Hobby- und Amateurfunk, in Deutschland herrschten in diesen Bereichen sehr strikte Auflagen. Erst während des zweiten Weltkrieges wurden in Amerika Restriktionen im Bereich des Privatfunks eingeführt, wobei jedoch die betroffenen Funkamateure zur selben Zeit als Spezialisten für Nachrichtenübermittlung in die Armee übernommen wurden.